A bunion is a bony bump that appears to grow on the joint at the bottom of the big toe but is actually the result of the toe being pushed inward. That deviation makes the joint even more prominent. As a result, the skin around the joint can get red and start to break down. It becomes difficult to wear certain kinds of shoes, too. Although most kinds of bunions involve the big toe, small ones can develop over the joint of the little toe, as well.
There is no easy answer to that question. People get them for different reasons. The truth is that medical science doesn't have a clear understanding of why they develop. Some possible factors might include:
There are known risk factors for bunions, though, such as:
Anyone of these problems might increase a person's risk of a bunion, although many specialists believe shoes are the primary factor in bunion development. Many of them go unnoticed, but, left untreated, they can lead to complications.
Some patients don't even know they have a bunion until a podiatrist like those at Glenoaks Podiatry Group points it out. For others, the bunion can lead to other painful conditions like:
For these patients, it's important to find a way to treat the bunion in order to eliminate the secondary condition.
They vary based on the patient's lifestyle, complications, and size of the bunion, but some common complaints include:
Most conventional treatments involve things like wearing big, comfortable shoes and padding the skin over the bunion to protect it. In some cases, the podiatrist may recommend taping the foot to keep it in a normal position to reduce the stress on the joint. A shoe insert can help redistribute the weight on the foot, as well. For extensive bunions, surgery is necessary to straighten the toe and remove the excess tissue around the joint.
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